The Encyclopedia of GIS features a comprehensive, authoritative treatment of this subject matter, with a simple A-Z format providing easy access to the field. [PDF] Encyclopedia of GIS by Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Encyclopedia . PDF | On Jan 1, , John P Wilson and others published Encyclopedia of Geographic provides solid support for a wide variety of GIS mod-.
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The Encyclopedia of GIS provides an essential reference work for all three categories of users. softcopy formats such as PDF, or served up over the web. Encyclopedia of GIS. Edited by S. Shekhar and H. Xiong. 7 Internationally renowned. Editorial Board, Shashi. Shekhar world leader in the field. 7 Includes GIS. Editors: Shekhar, Shashi, Xiong, Hui, Zhou, Xun (Eds.) New In This Edition: This second edition of the Encyclopedia of GIS includes 30% to 50% new content. It provides up-to-date information on emerging topics such as spatial big data, smart-phone GIS, urban computing and mobile.
It provides up-to-date information on emerging topics such as spatial big data, smart-phone GIS, urban computing and mobile recommender systems. The entries explain the key software, data sets and processes used by geographers and computational scientists. Additionally, the reference emphasizes the role of GIS in business and mobile intelligence. By offering more diversified GIS-related topics from theory and research than most of the other available literature, the authors equip newcomers to the field with principles as well as applications. This is very welcome to those practitioners who have been less exposed to some of the mathematical and computational aspects of GIS.
GIS technology proliferated in the s.
One of the first GIS projects to be implemented on a statewide level was initiated in in Maryland. In the s and s, the GIS market saw the introduction of several applications. GIS technology has rapidly evolved over the past 30 years. The revolution in the areas of information technology and communication technology together with the lowering cost of computer hardware has played an important role in the development and use of GIS. In , Ray R.
GIR managed to bring down the high cost bar- riers and specialized talent, which impeded easy access to the technology. Impacts and Issues In the technology-driven twenty-first century, GIS is applied in every field where spatial information is required. Collecting weather data, enhancing weather forecasting technologies, mapping natural disasters like floods and earthquakes, and providing land and property-related information are some of the areas where GIS technology is applied extensively.
Besides, it can be used to track human activities, which in turn can help in restoring the quality of our ecosystem. Apart from these, GIS has greatly benefited several areas of study such as environmental studies, geography, geology, planning, and business marketing among others.
However, several issues surround the use of GIS. Because this technology provides all sorts of data on a particular geographic location, there are privacy concerns.
Its adoption has given rise to debates. The data stored in GIS are easily accessible to anyone in public libraries, which run on public funds and have to fulfill the growing demand for accessibility to GIS maps. The technology has the potential to be misused for terrorist or other criminal activities. Moreover, various government agencies are working toward restricting or destroying the availability of crucial information.
The costs associated with maintaining GIS are very high. As a result, this technology is mostly used by government bodies or agencies on a shared-cost basis. However, this has thrown open a debate regarding the ownership of the data.
Moreover, because of shared access, agencies have to deal with the threat of data integrity. There is a risk of the information being manipulated or altered. The use of GIS has also given rise to international disagreements.
Satellites have been deployed to aid GIS capture information from across the world. Economically backward nations have protested by claiming rights over the information thus collected. The other issue concerns the adoption of GIS.
Xiong received his Ph. His general area of research is data and knowledge engineering, with a focus on developing effective and efficient data analysis techniques for emerging data intensive applications.
Highly recommended. Upper-division geography students through professionals. Show all. Read this book on SpringerLink Download Poster. Recommended for you.