Hand Book on SAP FICO Module for Beginners / Learners - NN Satya. CONTENTS .. Manual reposting of costs and line items .. SAP is an ERP software which large organizations use to manage their Gradually more modules are turned on. FI Course. The purpose of this book is to learn step-by-step . Controlling Integration = Manual creation of Cost Elements. The programs in this book have been included for instructional value only. They have been .. The other modules are Materials Management, Sales and Distribution need for the manual posting of accounting documents which do not.
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Free download SAP FICO (Financial Accounting & Controlling) PDF Books and training Hand Book on SAP FICO Module for Beginners / Learners - NN Satya. SAP FI stands for Financial Accounting and it is one of important modules of SAP the requirements of end to end project in respect of fico Hand Book on SAP. SAP FI stands for Financial Accounting and it is one of important modules of SAP ERP. All the content and graphics published in this e-book are the property of.
Certification Material 17 Ebooks Configuration Documents 22 PDFs BBPs 3 Docs Interview Questions 72 Pages Other Material 14 PDFs
IMG :- Implementation Guide. If you do not want to configure manually and prefer an automated installation process using BC Sets and other tools, refer to the installation guide of this India Version configuration and One big Complete SAP Configuration Guide. You can set number range for vendor via tcode XKN1. If you are looking for examples of how the configuration takes place to check out the SPRO configuration on countries and currencies.
In this way, Assignment of Material Master Fields is required to define whether a field is hidden or displayed, or whether an entry is mandatory or optional in material master maintenance, it is always advisable to work with Standard SAP settings, but for few business requirement some assignments are changed to new field selection groups defined as per reserved name space.
So lets zoom in to the configuration. Customizing projects based on implementation guide transaction SPRO Further details about this implementation procedure are not covered in this guide. Configuration transactions can easily be limited to display so that if the system is opened for brief moments, the users cannot change anything unless they are provided with special access.
I have to implement in a pharmaceutical company. The standard scenario may not need any configuration unless you want to do the subcon movement through delivery. It contains a localization implementation guide IMG , and a country template to help us customize the system according to local requirements.
ESM is a component of MM module, It support the complete cycle with procurement as well as invoice verification. Press the button to proceed. In this IMG activity you can display synchronization objects provided by by for the master data synchronization and, if necessary, create your own synchronization objects. It is used to configure the setting as per your client requirement by using the standard setting present in the system.
For this reason drain CRM training chances are more at all.
Skip to end of metadata. This where you can do all the SAP configuration work. Reply Delete Sap mm quick guide tutorials point, sap materials management mm is a part of logistics area and helps to manage the procurement activity of an organization from procurement it supports all aspects of material management planning,controletc sap mm quick guide. E20 — Basic Configuration for MRO: Configuration Guide 1 Purpose This configuration guide provides the information you need to set up the configuration of this building block manually.
See the complete list of Tables for Spro Configuration. Select The Relevant Roles and hide the roles which are not relevant this purpose to prevent wrong selectionos by the user.
Sap Time Management Configuration Guide are not only beginning to rival conventional literature; they are also beginning to replace it. This will be useful if you need to add configuration nodes of your custom developed applications to SPRO.
The number of special periods per year. The day of the month, on which the posting period must be opened and closed. How many parallel currencies can be defined for a company code in SAP? Just one, the company code currency. Just two, the company code currency and the group currency.
Up to three. Is it possible to use withholding tax for customers? Yes, it is possible with the standard withholding tax functionality. Yes, but only if the extended withholding tax functionality is activated. No, withholding tax cannot be used for customers as we will never pay them money.
Withholding tax codes are not maintained in the customer master data. Posting keys control how the line item will be posted. Which of the following features are controlled by the posting key? Account type. Vendor, customer, GL, asset or material. If it is a debit or credit item. If special GL indicator is allowed for the item. Authorization group to control which user can post the item. Which of the following sentences are correct regarding FI Financial Accounting validations?
Validations check the values entered by a user and modify these values if they are wrong. Validations can check the values entered by a user in the header, in the line items or in the complete document.
Validations can check the values entered by a user in the header and in the line items, but not in the complete document. A house bank is defined in SAP. In which related customizing could the house bank be used? It can be used in the customizing of check management to control the ranges of checks issued by this bank. It can be used in the customizing of SAP stock market tool to retrieve stock market index according to the standard specified by this bank.
It can be used in the customizing of payment program to generate payments according to the standard specified by this bank. It can be used in the customizing of electronic bank statement to process bank statements according to the standard specified by this bank.
How many charts of depreciation can a company have in SAP? You can assign to a company as many chart of depreciation as you may need. You can assign to a company just one chart of depreciation.
Asset classes can be defined in SAP. Which of the following features are controlled by them? The number range that will be assigned by SAP to the assets created under this class. The fields that will be available or mandatory when creating the asset master data. The GL account determination used by the assets created under this class. The capitalization date that will be assigned by SAP to the assets created under this class. Which of the following features are controlled by the depreciation keys specified in the asset master data?
The fields, which are available in the asset master data. To which GL account the depreciation will be posted. How the asset will be depreciated. The useful life of the asset.
Which of the following features are controlled by foreign currency valuation methods? The posting document that SAP will use to post valuation exchange differences. The posting document type that SAP will use to post valuation exchange rate differences. The date that SAP will use to calculate the exchange rate differences.
The valuation procedure that SAP will use to calculate the exchange rate differences. Which of the following features are controlled by the interest calculation indicators? The items that will be used for the interest calculation. The value of the reference interest rates that will be used for the calculation. The type of calculation that will be used for the calculation. The type of calendar that will be used for the calculation. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the closing cockpit are correct.
The closing cockpit allows closing the posting period in one step. The closing cockpit allows processing of a sequence of SAP standard tasks. However, non-standard tasks are not allowed there.
The closing cockpit allows processing of a sequence of SAP tasks. These tasks can be standard SAP tasks or programs developed by a customer. The closing cockpit displays a calendar with the closing tasks defined for the company as a reminder, but tasks cannot be executed from the closing cockpit, they need to be run in another session.
Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the balance interest calculation process are correct. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the automatic clearing process are correct.
This process clears open items from vendor and customer accounts automatically, based on the criteria defined in the customizing for the vendor and customer accounts automatic clearing, but excluding special GL account postings, which cannot be cleared automatically. This process clears open items from vendor and customer accounts automatically, based on the criteria defined in the customizing for the vendor and customer accounts automatic clearing, including special GL account postings, if the user wants them to be cleared.
What does the recurring entries execution process allow? This process allows the creation of new recurring entries and the posting of them during the second step. This process allows the posting of the recurring entries pending to be posted up to the date, on which the process is run.
This process allows the posting of the recurring entries, which are pending to be posted and are included in the settlement period specified in the selection screen. This process allows parking of the recurring entries, which are pending to be posted and are included in the settlement period specified in the selection screen. What does the periodic accrual run process allow?
This process calculates and posts accruals from the accrual objects selected on a key date, which is entered on the selection screen. This process allows the reversal of periodic accrual runs. This process calculates accruals from the accrual objects selected by the criteria entered on the selection screen. Postings need to be done manually.
This process calculates and posts accruals from the accrual objects selected on the date the program is executed. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the reconciliation process are correct. If any differences are found it, fixes this problem. If any differences are found, it fixes this problem. If any differences are found, the problem needs to be analyzed.
What does the assets reconciliation process allow? If you have customer accounts that are in credit, the program will reclassify them as payable. Receivables and payables overdue will be reclassified as doubtful. If you have vendor accounts that are in debit, the program will reclassify them as receivable.
Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the foreign currency valuation process are correct. This process carries out valuation of the open items in foreign currency. The generated exchange rate difference must be posted manually as this process does not allow the automatic posting of the exchange rate difference.
The generated exchange rate difference is posted as exchange rate difference. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the program of balance carry forward for receivables and payables are correct. The balances of the previous year are carried forward to the next year. If a posting in the previous year is done afterwards, it will be automatically carried forward to the current year.
If a posting in the previous year is done afterwards, this process needs to be run again to carry forward the new balance. The balances of the previous year need to be posted manually in the next year. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the balance carry forward for general ledger process are correct. This process calculates the balance carried forward for GL accounts for the general ledger or for any other ledger.
This process clears the GL open items and recreates them again in the next year. Please indicate which of the following statements regarding the process of opening and closing periods are correct. This process allows opening a new posting period. In order to do so the previous posting period needs to be closed, as no more than one posting period can be opened at a time in SAP. In this process a new posting period can be opened, just for a type of accounts i.
In this process a new posting period can be opened, just for a group of users. In this process the special posting periods can be opened. Is the same set of input fields available during the creation of various asset master data records? It depends on the asset class that the user is using; if it is the same, the screen will have the same fields.
It depends on the company code that the user is using; if it is the same, the screen will have the same fields. It depends on the chart of depreciation that the user is using; if it is the same, the screen will have the same fields. It depends on the account determination that the user is using; if it is the same, the screen will have the same fields.
During the modification of an asset master data, which depreciation areas can be used? We can use as many depreciation areas as we wish, choosing between the different depreciation areas that have been defined in the customizing.
Depreciation areas are assigned according to the customizing done to the chart of depreciation and they cannot be changed.
If needed they can be deactivated. Depreciation areas are assigned according to the customizing done to the asset class, but they can be changed by a user. If needed, they can be deactivated. Depreciation areas are assigned according to the customizing done to the asset class and they cannot be changed. How the depreciation start date is determined? The depreciation start date is the day of creation of an asset master data.
The depreciation start date is assigned by the system when an asset is capitalized, but this date can be changed in the asset master data. The depreciation start date is assigned by the system when an asset is capitalized, and this date cannot be changed by a user.
This date is entered by a user during the creation of an asset master data. Is it possible to post documents only to certain depreciation areas of an asset?
Yes, it is possible, but you must post to at least one real depreciation area. Yes, it is possible, and you do not need to post to at least one real depreciation area. No, it is impossible. If you post a document to an asset, you must post it to all the active depreciation areas of the asset. It depends, if the asset has not yet been capitalized, you can do so. An asset has started its depreciation and a following addition to the asset is done.
What happens to the asset depreciation? It is needed to run the depreciation recalculation process that will recalculate the planned depreciation for the following months considering the new addition. SAP will recalculate automatically the planned depreciation for the following months considering the new addition. SAP will not change the planned depreciation, but the date of depreciation end will be automatically changed in order to depreciate the asset until it is completely depreciated.
The user will need to reverse the already posted depreciation and then recalculate the planned depreciation to post it from the beginning. When it might be necessary to run the recalculation of depreciation? When the depreciation key is changed in an asset master data. When there is an addition to an already depreciated asset. When there is a retirement to an already depreciated asset. When the useful life is changed in an asset master data.
An asset has been sold. Which of the following statements is correct? SAP will post as revenue the amount of the sale. Profit on sale if applicable. Cr These advances will be later on adjusted against the invoices raised on the customers. Advances can be adjusted against more than one invoice at the time of clearing of the invoices against advances. Asset Sale account.
Bank Account Accounting entry for sale of Asset to customers: Asset account. These advances will be recorded in a special general ledger account. Cr Loss on Sale if applicable Dr. Asset Sale. Cr Accounting entry for scrap. No Logistics module will be involved in the process. The customer will be created as a FI customer.. Interest Others. The system uses the asset retirement date to determine the amount to be charged off for each depreciation area. The accounting entry for the same will be: Adjustment of Advances.
Advance Customer Payments. Customer Account Advance Customer Payments Dr A financial document would be created for each Bank Guarantee received and this document number will be referred to in the Sales Order which would then monitor the value and the validity of the of the Bank Guarantee instrument wise while doing the billing.
Accumulated Depreciation Dr. Sale of Scrap.. In case of HZL a complete retirement or a partial retirement of asset is done. Loss on Sale of Assets. Freight Vendor account. Cr Accounting Entry on invoice verification of supplier.. Cr Accounting Entry on invoice verification of freight vendor. Accounting Entry for Goods receipt. Freight clearing account. Cenvat Clearing Account.
Freight Clearing Account. Vendor Account. Based on the GR done the following accounting entry will be passed in the Financial Accounts. Vendor account. On receipt of vendor bill the following entry will be passed: Credit - Wherever. An example of the accounting entry in this case shall be: Invoice entry 40 INR: On issue of debit note. The accounting entries will be: Returns after GRN.
TDS Account. Expenses Account. Credit -. Cost of Material. Return to vendor movement type in SAP.. Advance to supplier.. CR The material shall be returned to the vendor using the -. Clearing of Invoice against Down Payment. Credit - When the invoice is booked the following entry is passed. CR In respect of import vendor.. Debit -. Invoice Verification for Octroi Expenses. Vendor down payment account.
TDS is applicable. Expenses Account.. Down payment to vendors for capital acquisitions is to be reported separately in the Balance Sheet under the head Capital Work in Progress.. Reversal can be done individually. The period of the original document must be open to post a reversing document..
FB08 or Mass F. If you have entered an incorrect document Contains no cleared items Was posted within the FI system. Asset WIP. Contains only vendor.. Credit - Clearing of Invoice against Down Payment. Contains only valid values. Security Deposit Vendor Hence down payment for capital goods would be tracked through a separate special general ledger indicator. If the period is not open.
Special Concessional Tax -. Definition of alternative reconciliation accounts for Accounts Payable for posting down payments made for Capital assets Clearing the down payment in Accounts Payable with the closing invoice.
Debit A house bank can have multiple account IDs. Based on the bank advices falling due on a particular day one payment advice is made debiting the vendors and crediting bank.
If the document to be reversed contain cleared items.
There could be a main account as also payable account. Bank Accounting 7 The accounting entries will be generated automatically according to the posting rules attached to the Transaction type. General Ledger accounts have to be created for each combination of a house bank and account ID. Cheque Deposit. In respect of any other deposits. The following accounting entry is passed by the system in respect of cheque deposit on account of collection from domestic customers..
Bank cheque deposit account Debit Customer account Credit 8 In this case. Customer Receipts 10 All cheques received from customers shall be accounted at the point of receipt. The customer account is cleared i. Bank Account Master data will be maintained by the Finance Department centrally.
Account id is the account number. The bank master details are to be provided by HZL. This process is known as reset of cleared document. Fund Transfer between Bank Accounts Cheque Received From Customer 20 Accounting entry at the time of cheque deposit entry Bank Cheque deposit account Debit Customer Credit 21 Accounting entry after cheque has been cleared in the Bank statement Main Bank account Debit Bank Cheque deposit account Credit 22 The clearing criteria for updating the bank main account and bank sub account will be amount and document number which will be captured in the allocation field of the bank sub account.
Bank Reconciliation 16 The Bank reconciliation process is based on the entries passed through the Bank sub account and main account.
The items. Cheque issued to vendors. Bank statements to be uploaded into SAP. Cheque received from customer. Direct Debits in Bank Statement. Cheque received from Other than Customers.
Accounting rules are to be defined for each transaction type and posting rule for posting accounting entries as per bank statement. These sub accounts show those entries.
The following accounting entry will be passed. Direct Credits in Bank Statement. The procedure to handle bouncing of a cheque has been discussed under the following 13 Reset the clearing document — If the document has been cleared i. The FDR number can be filled in one of the fields available in the accounting document. Direct Debit In Bank 26 Direct debit instructions will be given to the bank for example.
The remaining cheque issued will form part of the bank reconciliation statement. This includes determining the current liquidity using bank account balances cash position.
In this scenario accounting entry is passed only at the time of bank statement entry. Cheque series will be defined for a combination of a Company code and Bank Account. Cheque numbering will be sequential order. It is also important to control and monitor effectively the incoming and outgoing cash flows. First you configure the Posting Variant: The cash position is used in Cash Management to show the value-date-dependent bank accounts and bank clearing accounts. LC payments or certain bank charges are directly debited in the Bank Statement.
The cheques presented to the bank and are cleared are transferred to the bank main account. Cheque printing facility will be available for the bank account. In this case accounting entry is passed only after the entry is passed in the bank statement. The liquidity forecast comprises the incoming and outgoing cash flows. Posting Periods. Transaction with parameters parameter transaction Transaction SM FI Global Settings.
In IMG go to financial accounting global setting then go to fiscal year variant and set the fiscal year variant on year dependent year and follow the following procedure: As you know. Budget Data for Cost centers. I am setting for Cost Elements. Code to Fiscal Year Variant. For Example: Invoice is document indicating to delivery goods and Billing is a receipt of payment. If we receive the goods from vendors that is called bill if we give the goods to customer that is called invoice.
Invoice is for both: Vendor Invoice and Customer Invoice. Both are same in SD point of view. In SD terminology we call as Billing Document and. Bill means we have to pay the amount against bill invoice means we have to receive the amount against invoice. The delivery order comes up auto. Post Outgoing Payments F FB60 Create invoice with respect to rawmaterial and tax.
Reverse Statistical Posting. Post Foreign Currency Valuation F Enter Sample Document F Post with Clearing F VF02 the billing doc comes up auto.
Reset the cleared document and reverse the document. Post Incoming Payments F VF01 create billing document. Payment with Printout F Maddipati F FBRA In this screen select resetting and reverse radio button and give the reversal reason. View the accounting enteries Invoice Tcodes: The following procedure is to be followed to reverse the cleared document. Billing Tcodes: Bill of Exchange Payment F Enter Transfer Posting F Post Outgoing Payments.
Post Bill of Exchange Usage F Clear Customer Down Payment F Post Collection F Enter Vendor Invoice F Incoming Payments Fast Entry F Reverse Refinancing Acceptance F Down Payment Request F Post Forfaiting F Post Customer Down Payment F Enter Customer Invoice F Enter Statistical Posting F Clear Vendor F Customer Noted Item F Enter Customer Credit Memo F Customer Down Payment Request F Post Vendor Down Payment F Enter Vendor Credit Memo F Reverse Bill Liability F Clear Customer F Advance Tax Return F.
Preliminary Posting F Create Z2 to Z4 F. Vendor Noted Item F Account List F. Clear Vendor Down Payment F Reverse Statistical Posting F Automatic Clearing. Payment Request F Open Items F. Park Customer Credit Memo F File F. Asset acquis. Foreign Currency Valuation: Chart of Accounts F. Maintain Table: Posting Periods F Balance Sheet F. Asset Retire. Compact Journal F. Account Balances F. Park Vendor Credit Memo F Reconciliation F. Acquisition from download w. Create Foreign Trade Report F.
Exchange Rates F Park Customer Invoice F Balance Carried Forward F. Foreign Currency Val. General Ledger from Doc. Park Vendor Invoice F Reset Credit Limit F.: Confirmation F.
Credit Management. Recurring Entries F. Head Office and Branch Index F. Bill of Exchange List F. Create Account Group Reconcil. Management Acct Group Reconciliation F. Set Up Info System 1 F. List Recurr. Balance Interest Calculation F.
Evaluate Info System F. Mass Change F.: Post with OI F. Carried Fwd F. Overview F. Interest for Days Overdue F. Brief Overview F. Open Item Sorted List F. Reconciliation Btwn Affiliated Comps F. Entries F. Missing Data F. Credit Master Sheet. Periodic Account Statements F. FI-SD mast. Create Extract F. C FI Maint. Post Balance Sheet Adjustment F.
Transfer Posting of Deferred Tax F. Sheet Adjustment F. Form Printout DE F. OI Audit Trail: Display Extr. Account Assignment Manual F. OI Bal. Interest Calculation F. Document File F. Audit Trail: Acct Bal. Update Bal. FI-MM mast. OI Aud. Delete Recurring Document F.
Balance Sheet Adjustment Log F. Profitability Segment Adjustmnt F.: Structured Account Balances F. Delete Sample Documents F.
Extract F. Print Letters Vend F. Documents F. Delete Requests F. Execute pricing reports F Print Letters Cust F. Jur F. Risk F. Maintain Bill Liability and Rem. Accounting F Report Selection F. Debit position RA single reversal F01O. Print Int. Reverse Posting for Accr. Print Requests F. Presentation F. Fiscal Year Change F01N. Mass Reversal of Documents F. Vacancy RU single reversal. DME with Disk: Maintain Requests F. Short Message F Docs F. FI Valuation Run F Reorganization F Document Archiving F53A.
Receivbls Provisn F Vendor Archiving F Document Archiving F Balance Sheet Adj. Archiving of Vendors F61A. Transfer Receivbls F Customer Archiving F58A. Reverse Periodic Posting F01T. Automatic Clearing F General Contract F Dunning Run F48A. Customer Archiving F MC settlement single reversal F01S. Bank archiving F64A. Transaction Figures Archiving F Parameters for Automatic Payment F Debit position MC single reversal F01R.
Bank Master Data Archiving F Transaction Figure Archiving F66A. Reverse Acc. Display FI Amount Groups. AR Interface: Third-party applicatns FARY. Maintain Clearing Accts Rec. Create payment runs automatically F8BV. F Customizing F8XX. Bank F8BK. Reset Cleared Items: Payt Requests F8BZ. Payment request F8BN.
Call up report with report variant FAKA. Payment request archiving F8BR. Maintain numb. Detail display of payment requests F8BT. Payment Request No. Release for Payments FB1D. Clear Customer Down Payment. Single Screen Trans. Change Document FB Enter Noted Item FB Reverse Statistical Posting FB Reverse Document FB Clear Customer FB1K. Change Line Items FB Control Totals FB Enter Statistical Posting FB Post Held Document FB Post Tax Payable FB Request from Correspondence FB Enter Outgoing Invoices FB Accounting Editing Options FB Document Changes FB Clear Vendor FB1S.
Post Document FB Enter Incoming Invoices FB