Gone with the Wind. Margaret Mitchell. This web edition published by [email protected] Adelaide. Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at To the best of . Check out the story behind the book, Gone with the Wind, at Wikipedia. From there you can read about the film of the same name and read a biography of the. A Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook Title: Gone With The Wind Author: Margaret Mitchell () eBook No.: txt Character set encoding.
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GONE WITH THE WIND admonitions and the sterner discipline of her mammy; her eyes were .. twins did not know, but the fine glow had gone out of the. realized it when caught by her charm as the Tarleton twins were. In her face were too sharply blended the delicate features of her mother, a Coast aristocrat of. The Wind Is Never Gone: Sequels, Parodies and Rewritings of Gone with the Wind after its publication in , Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind has.
Gentlemanly yet indecisive, he loves Scarlett, but finds he has more in common with Melanie , his distant cousin and later his wife. However, he is tormented by his attraction to Scarlett. Unfortunately for him and Scarlett, his failure to deal with his true feelings for her ruins any chance she has for real happiness with Rhett Butler. Ashley is a complicated character. He is not sympathetic to the cause of the North. However, he isn't an ardent Confederate patriot, either.
Contexts and Concepts Sage, He is also the editor or reviewer of 15 international academic journals.
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Issue Section:. You do not currently have access to this article. Download all figures. Sign in. You could not be signed in. Sign In Forgot password? Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution Sign in. Although the novel is more than 1, pages long, the character of Mammy never considers what her life might be like away from Tara.
You kain sen' me nowhar Ah doan wanter go," but Mammy remains duty-bound to "Miss Ellen's chile. Eighteen years before the publication of Gone with the Wind , an article titled, "The Old Black Mammy," written in the Confederate Veteran in , discussed the romanticized view of the mammy character that had persisted in Southern literature:.
Micki McElya, in her book Clinging to Mammy , suggests the myth of the faithful slave, in the figure of Mammy, lingered because white Americans wished to live in a world in which African Americans were not angry over the injustice of slavery. The best-selling anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe , published in , is mentioned briefly in Gone with the Wind as being accepted by the Yankees as "revelation second only to the Bible".
The southern belle is an archetype for a young woman of the antebellum American South upper class. The southern belle was believed to be physically attractive but, more importantly, personally charming with sophisticated social skills.
She is subject to the correct code of female behavior. For young Scarlett, the ideal southern belle is represented by her mother, Ellen O'Hara. The Southern belle was bred to conform to a subspecies of the nineteenth-century "lady" For Scarlett, the ideal is embodied in her adored mother, the saintly Ellen, whose back is never seen to rest against the back of any chair on which she sits, whose broken spirit everywhere is mistaken for righteous calm However, Scarlett is not always willing to conform.
The figure of a pampered southern belle, Scarlett lives through an extreme reversal of fortune and wealth, and survives to rebuild Tara and her self-esteem. Marriage was supposed to be the goal of all southern belles, as women's status was largely determined by that of their husbands.
All social and educational pursuits were directed towards it. Despite the Civil War and loss of a generation of eligible men, young ladies were still expected to marry. The Atlanta Historical Society has produced a number of Gone with the Wind exhibits, among them a exhibit titled, "Disputed Territories: Gone with the Wind and Southern Myths". The exhibit asked, "Was Scarlett a Lady? White women performed traditional jobs such as teaching and sewing, and generally disliked work outside the home.
During the Civil War, Southern women played a major role as volunteer nurses working in makeshift hospitals. Many were middle- and upper class women who had never worked for wages or seen the inside of a hospital. One such nurse was Ada W. Bacot, a young widow who had lost two children. Bacot came from a wealthy South Carolina plantation family that owned 87 slaves. In the fall of , Confederate laws were changed to permit women to be employed in hospitals as members of the Confederate Medical Department.
They are in the hall, on the gallery, and crowded into very small rooms. The foul air from this mass of human beings at first made me giddy and sick, but I soon got over it. We have to walk, and when we give the men any thing kneel, in blood and water; but we think nothing of it at all. Several battles are mentioned or depicted in Gone with the Wind. Union General Sherman suffers heavy losses to the entrenched Confederate army. Unable to pass through Kennesaw, Sherman swings his men around to the Chattahoochee River where the Confederate army is waiting on the opposite side of the river.
Although Abraham Lincoln is mentioned in the novel fourteen times, no reference is made to his assassination on April 14, Ashley Wilkes is the beau ideal of Southern manhood. A planter by inheritance, Ashley knew the Confederate cause had died. His "pallid skin literalizes the idea of Confederate death. He contemplates leaving Georgia for New York City. Had he gone North, he would have joined numerous other ex-Confederate transplants there.
He feels he is not "shouldering a man's burden" at Tara and believes he is "much less than a man—much less, indeed, than a woman". A "young girl's dream of the Perfect Knight",  Ashley is like a young girl himself.
Scarlett's love interest, Ashley Wilkes, lacks manliness, and her husbands—the "calf-like"  Charles Hamilton, and the "old-maid in britches",  Frank Kennedy—are unmanly as well. Mitchell is critiquing masculinity in southern society since Reconstruction. The word "scallawag" is defined as a loafer, a vagabond, or a rogue.
Yankees, carpetbaggers , Republicans, prostitutes, and overseers. In the early years of the Civil War, Rhett is called a "scoundrel" for his "selfish gains" profiteering as a blockade-runner. As a scallawag, Rhett is despised. He is the "dark, mysterious, and slightly malevolent hero loose in the world". If Gone with the Wind has a theme it is that of survival. What makes some people come through catastrophes and others, apparently just as able, strong, and brave, go under?
It happens in every upheaval. Some people survive; others don't. What qualities are in those who fight their way through triumphantly that are lacking in those that go under? I only know that survivors used to call that quality 'gumption. Mitchell's use of color in the novel is symbolic and open to interpretation.
Red, green, and a variety of hues of each of these colors, are the predominant palette of colors related to Scarlett. Symbolically, red and green have been broadly defined to mean "vitality" red and "rebirth" green. For the Irish and others, green in the novel represents Mitchell's commemoration of her "Green Irish heritage.
Scarlett is not all green; her name suggests the "erotically-charged color" red. The only openly "scarlet woman" in the novel is the red-headed Belle Watling,  whose hair is "too red to be true".
By her name, Scarlett evokes emotions and images of the color scarlet: The sales of Margaret Mitchell's novel in the summer of , as the nation was recovering from the Great Depression and at the virtually unprecedented high price of three dollars, reached about one million by the end of December.
Ralph Thompson, a book reviewer for The New York Times , was critical of the length of the novel, and wrote in June I happen to feel that the book would have been infinitely better had it been edited down to say, pages, but there speaks the harassed daily reviewer as well as the would-be judicious critic.
Very nearly every reader will agree, no doubt, that a more disciplined and less prodigal piece of work would have more nearly done justice to the subject-matter. Gone with the Wind has been criticized for its stereotypical and derogatory portrayal of African Americans in the 19th century South.
Like monkeys or small children turned loose among treasured objects whose value is beyond their comprehension, they ran wild—either from perverse pleasure in destruction or simply because of their ignorance. Who Can Say It, Who Shouldn't, and Why , says it is, "one of the more charitable passages in Gone With the Wind , Margaret Mitchell hesitated to blame black 'insolence'  during Reconstruction solely on 'mean niggers',  of which, she said, there were few even in slavery days.
Critics say that Mitchell downplayed the violent role of the Ku Klux Klan and their abuse of freedmen.
Author Pat Conroy , in his preface to a later edition of the novel, describes Mitchell's portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan as having "the same romanticized role it had in The Birth of a Nation and appears to be a benign combination of the Elks Club and a men's equestrian society".
Regarding the historical inaccuracies of the novel, historian Richard N. Current points out:. No doubt it is indeed unfortunate that Gone with the Wind perpetuates many myths about Reconstruction, particularly with respect to blacks.
Margaret Mitchell did not originate them and a young novelist can scarcely be faulted for not knowing what the majority of mature, professional historians did not know until many years later. In Gone with the Wind , Mitchell explores some complexities in racial issues. Scarlett was asked by a Yankee woman for advice on who to appoint as a nurse for her children; Scarlett suggested a "darky", much to the disgust of the Yankee woman who was seeking an Irish maid, a "Bridget".
Ethnic slurs on the Irish and Irish stereotypes pervade the novel, O'Connell claims, and Scarlett is not an exception to the terminology. The novel has been criticized for promoting plantation values. The Love Story Behind Gone with the Wind , believes that those who attack the book on these grounds have not read it. She said that the popular film "promotes a false notion of the Old South". Mitchell was not involved in the screenplay or film production. He also objected to several other books: In a Harris poll, Mitchell's novel ranked again as second, after the Bible.
As of , more than 30 million copies have been printed in the United States and abroad. Gone with the Wind has appeared in many places and forms in popular culture:.
On June 30, , the 50th anniversary of the day Gone with the Wind went on sale, the U. Post Office issued a 1-cent stamp showing an image of Margaret Mitchell. The stamp was designed by Ronald Adair and was part of the U. Postal Service's Great Americans series. On September 10, , the U. Post Office issued a cent stamp as part of its Celebrate the Century series recalling various important events in the 20th century. The stamp, designed by Howard Paine, displays the book with its original dust jacket , a white Magnolia blossom, and a hilt placed against a background of green velvet.
To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the publication of Gone with the Wind in , Scribner published a paperback edition featuring the book's original jacket art.
The Windies are ardent Gone with the Wind fans who follow all the latest news and events surrounding the book and film. They gather periodically in costumes from the film or dressed as Margaret Mitchell. Atlanta, Georgia is their meeting place. One story of the legacy of Gone with the Wind is that people worldwide incorrectly think it was the "true story" of the Old South and how it was changed by the American Civil War and Reconstruction. The film adaptation of the novel "amplified this effect.
Some readers of the novel have seen the film first and read the novel afterward.
One difference between the film and the novel is the staircase scene, in which Rhett carries Scarlett up the stairs. In the film, Scarlett weakly struggles and does not scream as Rhett starts up the stairs. In the novel, "he hurt her and she cried out, muffled, frightened. Earlier in the novel, in an intended rape at Shantytown Chapter 44 , Scarlett is attacked by a black man who rips open her dress while a white man grabs hold of the horse's bridle.
She is rescued by another black man, Big Sam. The Library of Congress began a multiyear "Celebration of the Book" in July with an exhibition on Books That Shaped America , and an initial list of 88 books by American authors that have influenced American lives. Gone with the Wind was included in the Library's list. Librarian of Congress, James H. Billington said:. This list is a starting point. It is not a register of the 'best' American books — although many of them fit that description.
Rather, the list is intended to spark a national conversation on books written by Americans that have influenced our lives, whether they appear on this initial list or not. Throughout the world, the novel appeals due to its universal themes: Margaret Mitchell had separated from the Catholic Church.
Although some of Mitchell's papers and documents related to the writing of Gone with the Wind were burned after her death, many documents, including assorted draft chapters, were preserved. The first printing of 10, copies contains the original publication date: After the book was chosen as the Book-of-the-Month's selection for July, publication was delayed until June The second printing of 25, copies and subsequent printings contains the release date: Additionally, 50, copies were printed for the Book-of-the-Month Club July selection.
Gone with the Wind was officially released to the American public on June 30, Although Mitchell refused to write a sequel to Gone with the Wind , Mitchell's estate authorized Alexandra Ripley to write a sequel, which was titled Scarlett. In , Mitchell's estate authorized McCaig to write a prequel, which follows the life of the house servant Mammy, whom McCaig names "Ruth". The novel, Ruth's Journey , was released in The copyright holders of Gone with the Wind attempted to suppress publication of The Wind Done Gone by Alice Randall ,  which retold the story from the perspective of the slaves.
A federal appeals court denied the plaintiffs an injunction Suntrust v. Houghton Mifflin against publication on the basis that the book was parody and therefore protected by the First Amendment.
The parties subsequently settled out of court and the book went on to become a New York Times Best Seller. A book sequel unauthorized by the copyright holders, The Winds of Tara by Katherine Pinotti,  was blocked from publication in the United States. The novel was republished in Australia, avoiding U. Away from copyright lawsuits, Internet fan fiction has proved to be a fertile medium for sequels some of them book-length , parodies, and rewritings of Gone with the Wind. Numerous unauthorized sequels to Gone with the Wind have been published in Russia, mostly under the pseudonym Yuliya Hilpatrik, a cover for a consortium of writers.
The New York Times states that most of these have a "Slavic" flavor. Several sequels were written in Hungarian under the pseudonym Audrey D. Milland or Audrey Dee Milland, by at least four different authors who are named in the colophon as translators to make the book seem a translation from the English original, a procedure common in the s but prohibited by law since then.
The first one picks up where Ripley's Scarlett ended, the next one is about Scarlett's daughter Cat. Other books include a prequel trilogy about Scarlett's grandmother Solange and a three-part miniseries of a supposed illegitimate daughter of Carreen.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the movie, see Gone with the Wind film. For the musical, see Gone with the Wind musical. Dewey Decimal. Way back in the dark days of the Early Sixties, regrettable tho it was—men fought, bled, and died for the freedom of the negro—her freedom! While shot and shell thundered to release the shackles of slavery from her body and her soul—she loved, fought for, and protected —Us who held her in bondage, her "Marster" and her "Missus!
Young misses whut frowns an' pushes out dey chins an' says 'Ah will' an' 'Ah woan' mos' gener'ly doan ketch husbands. Somebody's darling! Wearing still on his pale, sweet face— Soon to be hid by the dust of the grave— The lingering light of his boyhood's grace!
I made Tara up, just as I made up every character in the book. But nobody will believe me. He claims that he would have freed the slaves after the death of his father if the war hadn't freed them already. His willingness to free the slaves further demonstrates his impractical nature, because if the slaves were free, he would not be able to run the plantation. However, he has a great deal of affection for the slaves on his plantation, and the role that they played in his serene, bucolic life.
There is a sense in which the end of Ashley's life as he knew it is more than just the burning of Twelve Oaks. Cade Calvert returns home terminally ill from tuberculosis. Little Joe Fontaine is killed in battle, and Tony Fontaine has to flee forever to Texas after killing a Yankee specifically, Scarlett's family's former slave overseer, Jonas Wilkerson, during Reconstruction ; after Wilkerson encouraged a former slave to attempt to rape Tony's sister-in-law.
These were Ashley's childhood friends, all represented in the happy scene at the barbecue, close to the beginning of the book.
When the "family circle" of the county is decimated, the life Ashley loved is gone. At one point in the book Ashley pleads, in vain, with his wife Melanie to move to the North, after he comes back from fighting in the war.
This isn't, however, because of any affection for the North, but because he wants to be able to stand on his own as a man, something he will never again be able to do in Georgia now that his plantation is gone and his home burned. However, he ends up working for Scarlett due to her manipulative entreaties and Melanie's naive support of her.